Countries with the highest prevalence of HIV in 2000 and 2018

Among all countries worldwide those in sub-Saharan Africa have the highest rates of HIV. The countries with the highest rates of HIV include Swaziland, Lesotho, and Botswana. In 2018, Swaziland had the highest prevalence of HIV with a rate of 27.3 percent. Other countries, such as Zimbabwe, have significantly decreased their HIV prevalence. Community-based HIV services are considered very important to the prevention and treatment of HIV.

HIV Worldwide

The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a viral infection that is transmitted via exposure to infected semen, blood, vaginal and anal fluids and breast milk. HIV destroys the human immune system, rendering the host unable to fight off secondary infections. Globally, the number of people living with HIV is increasing. However, the number of HIV-related deaths has decreased significantly in recent years. Despite being a serious illness that affects millions of people, medication exists that effectively manages the progression of the virus in the body. These medications are called antiretroviral drugs.

HIV Treatment

Generally, global access to antiretroviral treatment has increased in recent years. However, despite being available worldwide, not all adults have access to antiretroviral drugs. As of 2016, Europe and North America had the highest rates of antiretroviral use among people living with HIV. There are many different antiretroviral drugs available on the market. As of 2017, Triumeq, an antiretroviral marketed by GlaxoSmithKline, was the leading HIV treatment based on revenue.

Ranking of countries with the highest prevalence of HIV in 2000 and 2018

20002018
---
---
---
---
---
---
---
---
---
---
---
---
---
---
---
---
---
---
---
---
Exclusive Premium statistic

You need a Premium Account for unlimited access.

  • Full access to 1m statistics

  • Incl. source references

  • Available to download in PNG, PDF, XLS format

Premium Account

only $59 / month *
*Duration: 12 months, billed annually, single license

Access to this and all other statistics on 80,000 topics from

$708 / Year

Show detailed source information?
Register for free
Already a member?
Log in
Source

Release date

July 2019

Region

Worldwide

Survey time period

2000 and 2018

Age group

15-49 years

Open this statistic in...
Statista Accounts: Access All Statistics. Starting from $708 / Year
Basic Account
Get to know the platform

You only have access to basic statistics.
This statistic is not included in your account!

Premium Account
Your perfect start with Statista
  • Instant access to 1m statistics
  • Download in XLS, PDF & PNG format
  • Detailed references

$59 / Month *

Corporate Account
Full access

Corporate solution including all features.

* All products require an annual contract.
   Prices do not include sales tax.

Statistics on "Global HIV/AIDS epidemic"

Statista Accounts: Access All Statistics. Starting from $708 / Year
Learn more about how Statista can support your business.